Dr. Rubin has been trained in three medical specialties.
Critical care pulmonology is a highly specialized field of emergency medicine that provides care for patients suffering from pulmonary diseases, disorders and injuries. Critical care pulmonologists typically provide care in intensive care units (ICUs) or specialized clinics, treating patients that are facing a variety of pulmonary disorders. In pulmonary ICUs, critical care specialists provide care 24 hours a day, stabilizing and treating patients suffering from multi-system failure and life-threatening conditions concerning the respiratory system.
Critical care pulmonologists are trained to treat patients for a wide variety of conditions, complications and illnesses. These may include pulmonary vascular disease, asthma, cystic fibrosis, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, lung cancer, respiratory failure and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), among many other conditions. Critical care pulmonologists are also consulted when other illnesses or procedures have a potential to affect the respiratory system, such as during surgical operations.
Aside from providing critical care, many of these pulmonologists work in pulmonary clinics. Here, patients suffering from chronic pulmonary illnesses that are not in critical condition can receive treatment and care in a highly specialized location.
Learn more about pulmonary critical care at MD.com.
Pulmonology is a specialized field of medicine focused on the diagnosis, treatment, management and prevention of diseases and disorders of the respiratory (breathing) system. Pulmonology may often be classified as a subspecialty of internal medicine, but it often overlaps with many other medical specialties. Physicians who specialize in pulmonology are referred to as pulmonologists and have studied the respiratory system (which includes the mouth, nose, trachea, lungs, diaphragm and related structures) extensively.
Pulmonologists are specially trained to diagnose, prevent and treat a wide range of diseases and disorders affecting the pulmonary system, such as emphysema, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis, pulmonary vascular disease, sarcoidosis, lung cancer and acute lung injury, among many others. Often times, pulmonologists may be involved in the various facets of critical care, assisting other physicians in the provision of life-saving procedures and surgeries.
After diagnosing patients suffering from respiratory disease, pulmonologists may employ a variety of treatment procedures and techniques to treat or manage the condition. These may include laser bronchoscopies, endobronchial stenting and brachytherapy, the creation of a comprehensive management plan and the prescription of medications, among others. When necessary, pulmonologists may also coordinate with a cardiothoracic surgeon for a variety of surgical operations affecting the lungs and respiratory system.
Learn more about pulmonology at MD.com.
Sleep medicine is a field of medicine focused on the study, diagnosis and treatment of sleep and sleep-related disorders. Physicians typically practice sleep medicine as part of a comprehensive medical team, which may include specialists in areas such as neurology, psychiatry, internal medicine, pulmonology, endocrinology, bariatrics and pediatrics, among others.
Physicians trained in the area of sleep are trained to diagnose and treat a wide range of conditions including insomnia, narcolepsy, sleep apnea, night terrors, restless leg syndrome, nightmares, periodic limb movement disorder, bruxism (teeth grinding), hypersomnia, delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS), cataplexy and sleepwalking, among others. When diagnosing these and other disorders, physicians may ask patients to keep a sleep diary or take the epworth sleepiness scale test, which is a questionnaire that measures daytime sleepiness. Physicians may also perform polysomnograms, actiographies or the multiple sleep latency test (MSLT), which are all diagnostic tests used in sleep medicine.
After diagnosing and pinpointing a patient’s disorder, sleep medicine teams may employ a variety of different treatments. These may include psycho- and behavioral therapies, the prescription of medications, modification of contributing risk factors, rehabilitation and in some cases, surgery, to help manage the patient’s disorder.
Learn more about sleep medicine at MD.com.